Trade Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement
TRIPs imposed on the world the dominant intellectual property regime in the United States and Europe, as is the case today. I believe that the way in which the intellectual property system has developed is not good for the United States and the EU; But even more, I believe that it is not in the interests of developing countries. At the WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha in 2001, the least developed countries were given an additional ten years to implement the provisions on TRIPS patents and “undisclosed information” on medicines. In July 2002, the WTO General Council agreed to waive, by 1 January 2016, the obligations of least developed countries with regard to exclusive rights to market medicines. According to TRIPS, industrialized countries should have fully implemented the agreement by 1 January 1996. Developing countries and members in transition to a market economy have had the right to postpone until 1 January 2000 the full implementation of ad hoc obligations. Least developed members had until 1 January 2006 to implement their commitments, with the possibility of a further transition upon request. Developing countries that, at the time of their application, did not grant patent protection for certain fields of technology were granted a further five-year period, until 1 January 2005, to ensure such protection. In November 2005, the 2006 transition period for the least developed countries was extended until 1 July 2013.
This is probably due to the lack of legal and technical expertise needed to develop legislation to implement flexibility, which has often led developing countries to directly copy IP legislation by industrialized countries or to rely on technical assistance from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), which, according to critics like Cory Doctorov, encourages them to: implement stronger monopolies in intellectual property. The WTO, which often cooperates with other international organizations, regularly organizes symposia, training and other events on intellectual property, trade and other related topics. Details on the events can be found here. Review of members` implementing rules Members must inform the TRIPS Council of their relevant laws and regulations. .