Turkey Libya Border Agreement
The internationally recognized Tripoli government confirmed the new agreements, but did not give details. This week, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s communications director, Fahrettin Altun, tweeted that the military agreement would “improve the security of the Libyan people.” However, details of the memorandums signed on Wednesday have yet to be published. “Such an attempt is therefore bordering on the absurd.” The main contribution of the agreement was to ensure the resurgence of the borders of the EEZ and the eleven continents within the eastern Mediterranean, since this is the second agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders – after the agreement with the TRNC – signed in the eastern Mediterranean with a riparian state, while Greece`s agreements with Egypt and southern Cyprus have largely lost their legitimacy. Following the signing of the agreement with Turkey, Libya gained 16,700 square kilometres of marine territory following the signing of the agreement. He also said that Libya could gain at least 39,000 square kilometres if it entered into an agreement with Italy and Greece under its rights with Turkey. Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognized government have seen increased cooperation in Libya. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to the government`s support of the National Agreement, to the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present).  As the issues arising from the dispute are still evolving, the full consequences of this maritime conflict are not yet foreseeable. There are no such in-depth agreements between the coastal states of the eastern Mediterranean.
The Greek Cypriot administration of southern Cyprus considers itself the sole authority on the island, while Greece, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Israel have declared all EEZs of the eastern Mediterranean. It is important to note, however, that the DEEE agreements between the EU and the Greek Cypriot duo and the us-backed coastal states have no legitimacy because of the illegality of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum – which violates the rights protected by international law of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) -. In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries, during which inter in allia stated that the agreement provided for a partial delimitation of maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations.  The parliaments of both countries quickly ratified the agreement and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Journal.  Turkey dismissed the agreement between Greece and Egypt as “null and void,” adding that Greece and Egypt had no common maritime border.  The agreement between Turkey and Libya was signed on 27 November by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Libyan Presidential Council President Fayiz`s-Serrac. The agreement is approved by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and the UN will be informed of the agreement after Libya`s approval. With the agreement on Libya, Turkey has taken a revolutionary initiative that, historically, will have a great influence on the energy geopolitics of the eastern Mediterranean. The assumption that Turkey could not agree with other states in the region has also proved to be wrong and the doors to new agreements with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel are now open with the agreement on Libya. This also confirmed Turkey`s strong position and proved that it was not possible, legally and practically, to ignore Turkey`s existence in the region.
According to UN procedures, the organization`s member countries indicate that agreements have been signed. Registration at the United Nations does not mean that the international body must approve an agreement, in this case the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan government of the national agreement.